The Ninety-Second Regiment Illinois Infantry Volunteers was organized by Major Smith D. Atkins, Eleventh Illinois infantry Volunteers. It was composed of five com panies from Ogle, three from Stephenson, and two from Carroll counties; was mustered into the United States' service September 4, 1862, Major Atkins having been unanimously elected Colonel, at Rockford, Ill., where it remained in comfortable barracks drilling until October 10, 1862, when it was ordered to Cincinnati, and participated in the movements that protected that city, and drove the rebel General Morgan, out of Kentucky.
November 29, 1863, was assigned to Colonel Cochran's (Fourteenth Kentucky Infantry) Brigade, Baird's Division, General Granger's Corps, and took post at Mt. Sterling, Ky., Colonel Atkins commanding post, to guard Western Kentucky from the rebel guerrillas under Furguson. Negroes, in great numbers, flocked into the camp, but were not permitted to remain, except those employed by officers as servants. Colonel Cochran ordered the officers' servants to be delivered up to their masters. Colonel Atkins refused. Great excitement resulted. Colonel Atkins was indicted by the grand juries in Kentucky, but was never arrested, remaining in the lines of his Regiment, where the civil authorities of Kentucky were not permitted to arrest him.
November 16, 1862, ordered to Nicholasville, Ky. November 17, passing through Lexington, Ky., a mob attempted to take the officers' colored servants out of the Regiment; guns were loaded with ball catridges, bayonets fixed, and the officers' colored servants were not taken out of the Regiment.
November 26, 1862, ordered to Danville, Ky.; on the way drove the rear guard of Bragg's Army out of Camp Dick Robinson, capturing 800 barrels of pork, 500 stands of small arms, and one brass twelve pound cannon, and took post at Danville, Colonel Atkins commanding post. December 13, 1862, General Baird arrived at Danville, and assumed command of the post.
December 26, the entire command, under Major General Granger, marched to intercept John Morgan, on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. Morgan deflected his march, and the command returned to Danville. January 13, 1863, Colonel Cochran having resigned, Colonel Atkins was assigned permanently to the command of the Brigade.
January 26, 1863, began the march to Louisville, with General Granger's Corps, thence by steamer to Nashville, Atkins' Brigade, occupying six steamers, convoyed by one gunboat, was ordered in advance to Smithland, at the mouth of the Cumberland, there to await further orders, arriving at night.
February 3, 1863, firing was heard at Fort Donelson. Without orders the Brigade pushed on, arriving there on the morning of February 4, in time to witness the withdrawal of the rebel forces, 8,000 strong, under Forrest and Wheeler, that had made a furious attack on Fort Donelson.
February 6, arrived at Nashville and camped south of the city.
March 5, marched to Franklin.
March 9, participated in the movements that drove Van Dorn south of Columbia.
March 27, took post with Brigade, and fortified Brentwood, where Colonel Bloodgood with 300 troops of Coburn's Brigade had been captured by Van Dorn's rebel cavalry.
April 8, 1863, Atkins' Brigade was relieved by Morgan's Division, and returned to Franklin. April 10, participated in the repulse of Van Dorn's cavalry, that made a furious attack on Franklin.
May 1, accompanied by a regiment of cavalry, reconnoitered the enemy at Spring Hill, pushing him south of the town.
June 1, 1863, with entire Corps, marched to Triune,
June 11, Forrest's cavalry made a bold and furious attack on Atkins' Brigade, but was repulsed, with considerable loss to the enemy.
June 23, 1863, marched to participate in the movements of Rosecrans' Army that resulted in the evacuation of Murfreesboro and Shelbyville by Bragg's Army. Participated in the engagement at Guy's Gap, and in the capture and taking charge of 506 rebel prisoners, and took post at Shelbyville.
July 1, 1863, Colonel Atkins, desiring to get out of General Granger's Corps, requested General Rosecrans to assign his Regiment to Wilder's Brigade of Mounted Infantry, armed with Spencer repeating rifles.
July 3, marched to Wartrace,
July 6, the Regiment was detached from Brigade, moved to Duck River, and rebuilt the wagon bridge destroyed by Bragg.
July 10, 1863, the Regiment was detached from General Granger's Corps, and assigned to Wilder's Brigade Mounted infantry, Reynold's Division, Thomas' Corps, Army of the Cumberland.
July 22, 1863, a detachment of 200 of the Regiment joined an expedition under Colonel Funkhouser to scout the country for horses, and within four days captured 1,700 head of horses and mules, and 800 colored men, who were mustered into a colored regiment, the Ninety-second receiving horses sufficient to mount the entire Regiment.
August 16, 1863, the movement of Rosecrans' to flank Bragg out of Chattanooga began. The Ninety-second accompanied Wilder's Brigade over the mountains into the Tennessee Valley north of Chattanooga, driving in the rebel cavalry.
September 4, was detached from Wilder's Brigade to rejoin Rosecrans south of the Tennessee for scouting duty, and recrossed the mountains, crossed the Tennessee at Bridgeport, and reported to Rosecrans in the forenoon of September 8, in Trenton Valley, southwest of Chattanooga, and a detail under Captain Van Buskirk climbed up Lookout Mountain on the west side, by Nickajack trace, pushed the enemy off the mountain, and brought the first authentic intelligence to General Rosecrans that Bragg's Army had evacuated Chattanooga.
September 9, 1863, led the advance, driving the enemy off from Lookout Mountain, and was the first to enter Chattanooga. Was sent by General Crittenden up the Tennessee to Fire Island, to assist Wilder to cross.
September 11, received orders to report to General Rosecrans. On the march struck the enemy a mile north of Ringgold, and was furiously assaulted by the enemy under Forrest, and held him in check until Wilder came up with balance of Brigade, and pushed Forrest out of Ringgold and through Ringgold Gap: same day on march to Rossville repulsed an assault of the rebel cavalry on an infantry wagon train.
September 12, opened communication with General Thomas, and did all the scouting duty prior to the battle of Chickamauga; in that battle covered the retreat of the Brigade of Regulars, and joined Wilder on the extreme right; covered McCook's retreat to Chattanooga. Guarded the Tennessee River for 30 miles north of Chattanooga until October 27, when it recrossed the mountains to Bridgeport, and marched to Huntsville, Ala., for forage and winter quarters.
January 25, 1864, marched with Brigade, Colonel Atkins commanding, through Athens to Shoal Creek to intercept a rebel raid from the south of the Tennessee--met the first rebel column at Shoal Creek and turned it back across the Tennessee River. Two miles further west met the second rebel column, and, after hard fighting turned it back, killing the officer in command and capturing many prisoners, and the "orders" showing that the defeated column was to be joined by another at Athens the next morning. Returned to Athens in the night in time to turn back across the Tennessee River the third rebel column, defeating the combined rebel movement.
April 6, 1864, began march from Huntsville to Ringgold, Ga., to participate in the campaign on Atlanta, and was assigned to Murray's Brigade, Kilpatrick's Cavalry Division.
April 23, 1864, at daylight, the enemy attacked the Ninety-second picket, eight miles from camp, guarding a track over Waldon's Ridge; in overwhelming force the enemy surrounded the picket, and 33 out of 62 were killed, captured or wounded; 12 were shot down by the rebels, after they had surrendered and were disarmed.
The Regiment participated in all the movements of Kilpatrick's Cavalry, in the long campaign that resulted in the capture of Atlanta, and covered the left of Sherman's army, when it withdrew from Jonesboro.
October 1, 1864, Colonel Atkins, commanding Brigade, the Regiment marched with Division to uncover the movements of Hood's army; struck his rear at noon, Oct. 2, charged the enemy, and captured some of Hood's Infantry.
October 3, drove the enemy away from Powder River, built a bridge, crossed. and pushed the enemy into his strong earthworks at Powder Springs, demonstrating that Hood's entire army was in motion north and west, and participated in all the movements against Hood, until Sherman turned southward toward Savannah, Ga,
November 4, 1864, Kilpatrick's Division was reorganized, and the Ninety-second assigned to Atkins' Brigade, and participated in all the cavalry battles on the march through Georgia, and in the capture of Savannah.
Attached to General Atkins' Brigade, the Regiment participated in all the cavalry fighting on Sherman's march through the Carolinas, and against Jo Johnston's rebel army in North Carolina. until the close of the war.
During its term of service, the Ninety-second Regiment was in more than sixty battles and skirmishes.
It was mustered out at Concord, North Carolina, and paid and discharged from the service at Chicago, Ill., July 10, 1865.
III. The following named officers of the Ninety-second Illinois Infantry are hereby transferred, with two hundred and twenty-five (225) enlisted men of that Regiment, to the Sixty-fifth Illinois Infantry, and will report to Lieutenant Colonel Stewart, commanding, for duty:
By command of Brevet Major General Ruger.